Logo Series Title: Essential Public Health
Logo Bottom Title: Essentials of Public Health: Bernard J. Turnock
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Please read each question and select your answer from the choices provided. You must complete all of the questions in order to view your results. At the end of each exam, you have the option to e-mail your results to your instructor.


1:  Major eras in the history of the American public health system were characterized by all of the following EXCEPT:
A: Intermittent epidemics throughout the 18th and 19th centuries.
B: Edwin Chadwick's epidemiological investigations of cholera.
C: The development of state and local public health systems into the mid-20th century.
D: The movement into the provision of medical care services after about 1950.

2:  Which of the following statements characterizes an important difference between public health and most other professions?
A: Education and training beyond the undergraduate (college) level is not available for public health.
B: Large professional organizations are not available for public health.
C: Public health professionals work only in the public sector.
D: Although they come from many professions and disciplines, their common bond is not one of a shared body of knowledge or academic preparation, but a commitment to the goals of the improved population health.

3:  Which of these important public health figures from the 19th century advanced the argument that the factors contributing to fatal diseases should be identified as the official causes of death?
A: Edwin Chadwick
B: Lemuel Shattuck
C: William Farr
D: John Snow

4:  Based on your examination of Internet web sites, which of these organizations is most closely affiliated with local public health agencies across the U.S.?
A: NACCHO
B: ASTHO
C: APHA
D: CDC

5:  Based on your examination of Internet web sites, which of these federal health agencies places the greatest emphasis on prevention?
A: Food and Drug Administration
B: Health Resources and Services Administration
C: American Public Health Association
D: Centers for Disease Control

6:  In which form of justice are collective actions leading to the assumption of additional burdens often necessary in order to assure the fair distribution of societal benefits?
A: Market justice
B: Judicial justice
C: Social justice
D: Individual justice

7:  The Public Health Code of Ethics is an exhaustive set of health principles that should be held by people in the public health discipline
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

8:  The Cholera epidemic of the 1854 afflicted poverty stricken individuals more than affluent individuals.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

9:  As a result of legislation enacted by Congress, this agency was moved out of the US Treasury Department and placed in the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (now the Department of Health and Human Services). It was first established as the Marine Hospital Service in 1789.
A: World Health Organization
B: American Public Health Association
C: National Foundation---March of Dimes
D: US Public Health Service

10:  In 1900, the leading cause of death in the United States was which of the following conditions?
A: tuberculosis
B: diphtheria
C: typhoid fever
D: pneumonia and influenza

11:  Public health was characterized as fulfilling society's interest in assuring conditions in which people could be healthy by:
A: US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Healthy People 2000
B: Institute of Medicine in The Future of Public Health
C: C.E.A. Winslow
D: Sir Geoffrey Vickers

12:  Which of the following does not represent an important achievement of public health in twentieth century America?
A: fluoridation of drinking water to prevent dental caries
B: control of infectious diseases
C: prevention of bio-terrorism threats
D: decline in deaths from heart disease and stroke

13:  The Report on the Sanitary Commission of Massachusetts---perhaps the most outstanding treatise in the history of American public health---was written by:
A: John Snow
B: Edwin Chadwick
C: Lemuel Shattuck
D: W.H. Frost

14:  Public health systems and services have evolved differently in various parts of the world, as well as in the United States among the various states. Which of the following pairs best identifies the two major forces that have shaped public health activities over time and geography?
A: religion and transportation
B: science and social values
C: epidemics and nationalism
D: capitalism and culture

15:  Introduction of smallpox vaccination is credited to which of these individuals?
A: Virchow
B: Pasteur
C: Lister
D: Jenner

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